What are the opposite words for disciple?

The term disciple is a noun used to describe a follower or learner of a particular ideology or person. While the word has a positive connotation, there are many antonyms for the word disciple. These include the terms nonbeliever, skeptic, opponent, antagonist, and dissident. Nonbelievers are individuals who do not subscribe to a particular ideology, whereas skeptics are those who have doubts or are uncertain about its validity. Opponents and antagonists are those who actively challenge a particular belief or practice, while dissidents are those who openly disagree with the doctrines of their leaders. These words reflect the diversity of opinions and beliefs that exist within different communities and cultures.

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