What is another word for polymerase?

19 synonyms found


[ pˌɒlɪməɹˈe͡ɪz], [ pˌɒlɪməɹˈe‍ɪz], [ p_ˌɒ_l_ɪ_m_ə_ɹ_ˈeɪ_z]

Polymerase is a term used in the context of molecular biology to refer to enzymes that play a critical role in the formation of DNA and RNA chains during transcription and replication. Synonyms for polymerase include DNA polymerase, RNA polymerase, and replicase. DNA polymerase specifically refers to the enzyme that catalyzes the addition of nucleotides to the growing DNA chain. RNA polymerase, on the other hand, adds nucleotides to the RNA chain, while replicase is a broad term that refers to any enzyme that aids in the replication of genetic material. Other terms that may be used in place of polymerase include transcriptase and reverse transcriptase, which both refer specifically to RNA and its reverse transcription into DNA, respectively.

Related words: polymerase chain reaction, polymerase chain, e. coli polymerase, polymerase synonyms, polymerase annealing reaction, polymerase sandwich assay, polymerase assay, polymerase definition

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    Synonyms for Polymerase:

    How to use "Polymerase" in context?

    Polymerase is a biological polymerase enzyme, specifically an enzyme of the DNA polymerase family. It catalyzes the addition of a deoxyribonucleotide to a protected cytosine at the 5' end of a DNA strand by catalyzing the consecutive hydrolysis of the phosphodiester bond between the 3'-OH of the cytosine and the 5'-triphosphate of the incoming nucleotide. This process is responsible for the synthesis of new DNA molecules from preexisting ones.

    The polymerase is typically composed of two protein subunits, a primary and a secondary.

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